Alexandria: City of Gifts and Sorrows: From Hellenistic by Apostolos J. Polyzoides

By Apostolos J. Polyzoides

Alexandria: urban of presents and Sorrows is a old trip from the 3rd century to the multiethnic city of the twentieth century, bringing jointly different histories of the town. historical Alexandria was once equipped by way of the Greek Ptolemies who accomplished the grand library and museum, which functioned as a school with the emphasis on technological know-how. the town was once referred to as “the birthplace of science,” and this publication comprises tales in regards to the scientists, poets, and spiritual philosophers chargeable for influencing the Western brain with their writings. smooth Alexandria used to be rebuilt in 1805 by way of multiethnic groups who created a winning advertisement urban and port. In 1952, a coup to loose the rustic from the monarchy and British domination used to be masterminded, and in 1956, the socialist regime less than Colonel Gamal Abdel Nasser closed the Suez Canal, leading to the Anglo-French-Israeli invasion. This outburst of Egyptian nationalism and army revolution integrated the confiscation of estate belonging to foreigners and the following mass exodus of commercial and artisan periods that had made the town such a success. the writer used to be an eye-witness to those occasions, and he units out the political error and screw ups of either Egyptian and Western leaders.

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Qxd 27/05/2014 11:30 Page 31 Reflections on Ancient Alexandria 31 built palaces and, at the southern end of Cape Lochias, was the “Gate of the Moon”, a limestone archway forming the entrance to the city from the harbour. The road leading from the “Gate of the Moon” to the south was Palace Street, intersecting with the Canopic Road, a large thoroughfare running from east to west. South of the peninsula was the palace district and the residential area of the Greeks known as the “Brucheion”. A landmark and tourist attraction close to the coastal promenade is the square of Saad Zaghloul, with a bronze statue of the nationalist leader who led a revolution in the early 1900s.

On his second trip, in 1903, Cavafy met the well-known writer Xenopoulos, who selected twelve of his poems and published them in an Athenian magazine, while the popular poet Costas Ouranis, who called Alexandria “the seat of Greek literature”, was the first poet to publicly praise Cavafy. Despite such support, most of the Athenian literati kept their distance and did not acknowledge him for a long time, until Forster, Durrell, Seferis (the 1963 Nobel laureate) and W. H. Auden started writing complimentary reviews.

This event created great concern about Alexander’s accession to the throne, as his mother, Olympias, was not a Macedonian, and a male child from this new marriage would affect Alexander’s succession. Despite his father’s recent marriage, the bond between father and son remained strong and, in 338 BCE, Philip and Alexander fought together against the Greeks at the Battle of Chaeronea, in Boeotia. Their victory contributed to defeating the confederation of Greek city states, and Macedonia became the undisputed military power.

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